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Cworkshop's How To

A guide to furniture fittings

An introduction to

Furniture fittings

If you are putting together any piece of furniture, whether for your own home or for that of a client, the chances are, you are going to need furniture fittings. At Cworkshop, we know just how important these often disregarded elements are, and that's why in addition to our services (panel cuttingedgebandingCNC cutting and spray painting) and our extensive sliding door and shaker door catalogue, we also provide a wide range of furniture fittings, for all of your construction needs.

Our fitting selection is not only aimed at carpenters, builders and woodworking professionals, but also customers facing their own DIY project - many of whom may need assistance knowing where to begin! That's where this Furniture Fittings Guide comes in. 

While often small in size, furniture fittings are incredibly important - they are the hardware components that make your drawers, cabinets and doors functional, giving them the ability to work as intended. However, as important as these accessories are, what is even more important is that you find the type that is suited to the project at hand. This poses a challenge in itself, as the huge amount of hinges, drawer runners and boxes available for purchase can quickly become overwhelming. After reading this guide, you can be sure that the fittings you will be purchasing will be no less than perfect for the design project that you have in mind.

Choosing the Right Furniture Fittings

When selecting fittings for your project, numerous factors are likely to influence your decision. As more often than not, you will be purchasing these items in bulk, and the various types are plentiful, it is worth considering each of these factors prior to making your purchase.

Material

Arguably the most important factor to consider when it comes to purchasing fittings, their material not only influences the look of the furniture in the kitchen, living room, or wherever else it will be placed, but also its strength, durability, resistance and more. Amongst our range of fasteners and fittings you will find options comprised of stainless steel, polished brass, and more.

Manufacturer

In the case of furniture fittings, it is very important to check for a reliable manufacturer. This is especially important when selecting looks and door handles. Look for guarantees and warranties. You should also check for compliance with industry standards. This means that the company’s products meet the minimum standard for safety. At Cworkshop, we use the highest quality furniture fittings manufactured by Blum, a brand known for its quality and durability.

Functionality

What use is hardware if it is not fit for purpose? Our range of door hinges, drawer slides and drawer boxes have been designed specifically to offer you the best experience possible when using them. On each individual product, we include an in-depth product description detailing its key functional elements, as well as information on weight (kg), size (mm), and more, so you can take comfort in knowing that your hardware will perform exactly as expected in your kitchen, living room, or bathroom. As you may know, many furniture components have special functionalities so it's important to know what type of furniture fittings you need. 

If you wish to check the functionality of your accessories in person, pay a visit to our London-based showroom.

Aesthetics

When choosing your furniture fittings, you want to consider the aesthetics of your fittings themselves as well as the way they will make your furniture look. Think about the interior aesthetic you want and where this furniture will be. You probably want your cutlery tray in the kitchen to look and function completely differently from the drawers in your bedroom wardrobe. Do you want visible or concealed hinges? Handle-less kitchen drawers that glide open at a touch? Hinge arm covers and hinge boss covers to hide the screws? What materials do you want to use? The decorative features of furniture fittings are important things to consider when thinking about which fittings to choose.

After considering these factors, you're ready to start selecting furniture fittings. Here's our guide to what our different types of furniture fittings do and how to know which one is right for you. 

Different types of furniture fittings

Runner systems

When using the right drawer runners, opening and closing doors can become a pleasure. Designed to allow for a soft close of your wardrobe and cabinet doors, as the name suggests, drawer slides significantly reduce the likelihood of drawers jamming and becoming trapped when either opening or closing. Drawer runners work by using ball bearings or nylon rollers to keep the parts in motion, while a spring mechanism in the drawer runners pulls the draw closed again.

Blum's Movento runner system uses low-friction nylon rollers to slide effortlessly open and closed. The drawer runner system allows you to easily adjust the front height, tilt adjustment, and side depth. Blum's Blumotion S technology uses three motion technologies:

Blumotion
Provides soft and effortless closing for drawers
Tip-on Blumotion
Adds the easy-opening function to the soft-closing technology
Servo-drive
lets you open handle-less drawers with just a light touch, regardless of their weight

Here are some of the drawer runner systems you might use:

Blum - Movento Blumotion S Runners With Locking Devices - Kit

These 40kg capacity full extension drawer runners have built-in Blumotion soft close and locking devices. They are available in sizes from 300mm to 550mm. If your furniture has inset drawers, you can separately purchase a depth adjustment device (see below). 

Blum - Movento Depth Adjustment Device - Pair

Working in conjunction with the above Movento drawer runners, this depth adjustment device can be directly installed to adjust the depth by plus or minus 2mm. 

Blum - Tip-on Blumotion - Set

This set brings together the Tip-on mechanical opening system with Blumotion's soft-close technology on one runner. This means it's effortless to open and smooth to close. The recommended weight for the pull-out is up to 20kg and the width should not be less than 294mm. This set can be used for Movento and Legrabox drawer runners. 

Blum - Tip-on Blumotion Synchronisation Linkage

Working with the above Tip-on Blumotion devices on Blumotion S runners, this linkage device connects the sides for synchronised runner movement. At 1125mm, we recommend it for drawers with a width of more than 600mm.

Drawer box system

When you're refacing your cabinetry, drawer boxes are a vital aspect of a revamped cabinet system. Here are some of the drawer box systems we offer. They all have full extension. 

Blum - Legrabox Drawer - Height N - Orion Grey - Kit

This kit includes the drawer runners and components (drawer sides, drawer front and back fixing brackets, cover caps) for the Legrabox drawer. The drawer side height is N (67mm) and has a 40kg carrying capacity and built-in Blumotion soft-close. 

Blum - Legrabox Drawer - Height M - Orion Grey - Kit

This drawer box system is similar to the above but has a side height of 91mm. It contains the drawer runners, drawer sides, cover caps, drawer front and back fixing brackets, and built-in Blumotion soft-close. 

Blum - Legrabox Drawer - Height K - Orion Grey - Kit

This drawer box system has a side height of 128mm and contains drawer runners, drawer sides and cover caps, and drawer front and back fixing brackets. It has built-in Blumotion. 

Blum - Legrabox Pure Drawer - Height C - Orion Grey - Kit

With drawer runners, drawer sides, front and back fixing brackets, and cover caps, this Blumotion drawer box system has a drawer side height of 177mm. 

Blum - Legrabox Drawer - Height F - Orion Grey - Kit

This drawer box system has, built-in Blumotion, a drawer side height of 241mm and includes drawer runners, drawer sides and cover caps, and drawer front and back fixing brackets. 

Blum - Legrabox Inner Drawer - Height M - Orion Grey - Kit

This drawer box system has an inner and outer drawer. The latch locks the inner drawer with the outer so they can be pulled out together, then the latch unlocks so you can push in the internal draw and access the external drawer. The kit includes the latch, a pair of drawer runners, drawer sides and cover caps, the inner drawer front, and front and back fixing brackets. The drawer side height is 91mm.

Hinge systems

Hinge systems are essential for the performance of cabinets, closets, cupboards, display cases, and just about any type of furniture that features an opening and closing door.

Cabinet hinges come in a wide variety of types, including:

  • exposed hinges
  • concealed hinges
  • European hinges
  • mortised hinges
  • no-mortise hinges
  • ball bearing hinges
  • butt hinges
  • barrel hinges
  • wraparound hinges

Don't get overwhelmed by all the different types of door and cabinet hinges - it's easy to figure out which ones you need. Here at Cworkshop, we specialise in concealed hinges. Concealed hinges are cabinet hinges that cannot be seen from outside the cabinet that they are supporting. The benefits of concealed hinges include that they are hidden and therefore don't distract from the appearance of the furniture. Concealed hinges are especially popular on frameless Euro-style cabinets. 

At Cworkshop we offer three main types of cabinet hinge systems.

  • The Blum Clip Top range is the classic: adjustable, easy to install, and attractive
  • The Clip Top Blumotion range integrates Blumotion soft-close technology for even more effortless closing of your cabinet and kitchen drawers
  • The Inserta Clip Top hinges have the option of coming with or without integrated Blumotion soft-close technology

Here are some of the more specific types of hinges you might need for your DIY project. 

Hinges:

Screw-on:

Screw-on hinges are hinges that are attached by screws, in contrast to Inserta or dowel-type hinges which come with existing dowels for attachment. Here are some of the types we offer: 

BLUM - Clip Top Hinge 110° - Sprung - Screw On

Sprung hinges use a hinge to pull themselves closed while unsprung hinges do not. Suitable for use on door with thicknesses of 16mm to 24mm, this clip-top sprung hinge features an overlay application. This concealed cabinet hinge is tool-free, allowing for simple door to cabinet assembly, and can be removed as easily as it is put on. 

BLUM - Clip Top Soft Close Hinge 110° - Sprung - Screw On

With Blumotion soft close built into the hinge cup, these screw on cabinet hinges are suitable to use with doors with a front thickness of 16mm to 24mm. They are also tool-free for easy installation and removal on cabinet doors. 

BLUM - Clip Top Zero Protrusion Hinge 155° - Sprung - Screw On

These zero protrusion cabinet hinges have big opening angles, pull-out surrounds, and inner pullouts. They are suitable for door thicknesses of 16mm to 24mm or up to 31mm with a 92° opening angle stop. This means that the drawer swings away from the cabinet leaving lots of space for the drawer to open easily. 

BLUM - Clip Top Soft Close Zero Protrusion Hinge 155° - Sprung - Screw On

With similar features to the above, these zero protrusion screw-on hinges also have Blumotion soft close built into the hinge cup.

BLUM - Clip Top Profile Door Hinge 95° - Sprung - Screw On

For cabinet doors with a front thickness of up to 32mm, this screw on cabinet hinge is perfect for those thicker kitchen cabinet doors. It's also has easy tool-free installation and removal and an opening angle of 95°. 

BLUM - Clip Top Soft Close Profile Door Hinge 95° - Sprung - Screw On

This is the version of the Clip Top Soft Close Profile Door Hinge 95° with built-in Blumotion soft close functionality. 

BLUM - Clip Top Blind Corner Hinge 95° - Sprung - Screw On

Blind corner hinges, also known as post hinges, are useful for kitchen corner cabinets where the closed position is in line with other cabinets. This concealed blind corner cabinet hinge works for cabinet doors of 16mm to 28mm thick and allows the door to open to 95°. For installation, the door needs a 3mm mounting plate and it requires a mounting to finish flush on the inside. 

BLUM - Clip Top Soft Close Blind Corner Hinge 95° - Sprung - Screw On

This version of the Clip Top Soft Close Blind Corner Hinge with Blumotion soft close built into the hinge cup. It also requires the mounting plate and mounting to finish flush for installation. 

Inserta:

Otherwise known as dowel-type hinges, Inserta hinges are exactly the same as screw on cabinet hinges but have added dowels. 

BLUM Clip Top Soft Close Hinge 110° - Sprung - Inserta

With an opening angle of 110°, this clip top soft close cabinet hinge has Inserta tool-free hinge to door assembly. It requires 2mm by 8mm diameter fixing holes and allows for side and depth adjustments. 

Mounting Plates:

Otherwise known as base plates, mounting plates are the part of the hinge that mounts the hardware to your cabinet. 

Blum - Straight Cam Adjustable Clip Mounting Plate

This clip top straight mounting plate can work with all Blum cabinet hinges and has a diameter of 3.5mm. 

Blum - Straight Cam Adjustable Clip Mounting Plate - With Euro Screws

A straight clip top mounting plate with pre-mounted Euro screws, this has a fixing size of 6mm by 12.9mm. 

Blum - Cruciform Cam Adjustable Clip Mounting Plate

This clip top cruciform mounting plate has a fixing diameter of 3.5mm or 4mm with chipboard screws.

Blum - Cruciform Cam Adjustable Clip Mounting Plate - Expando

A clip top cruciform mounting plate, this has a pre-mounted screws with split dowels. 

Blum - Cruciform Two-part Clip Mounting Plate

This two-part traditional cruciform clip mounting plate has a diameter of 3.5mm or 4mm with chipboard screws.

Blum - Cruciform Two-part Clip Mounting Plate - For Euro Screws

This version of the two part clip mounting plate is designed for Euro screws. It is 6mm by 14.5mm with Euro screws. 

Blum - Cruciform Clip Mounting Plate - With Euro Screws

With pre-mounted Euro screws, this 6mm by 12.9mm clip top cruciform mounting plate can have its height adjusted by plus or minus 2mm via its elongated hole.

Hinge Arm Covers:

Hinge arm covers attach to overlay hinge arms to hide the screws. They're an attractive finishing touch but they're also easy to remove to make adjustments to the door hinges. You can buy branded or unbranded hinge arm covers but ours are all unbranded. 

Blum - Arm Cover Cap For Clip Top Overlay Hinge 110°

An unbranded press on cover cap, compatible with clip top 110° overlay hinges (71T3550 and 71B3550).  

Blum - Arm Cover Cap For Clip Top Overlay Hinge 95°

Compatible with overlay hinges (71T9550 and 71B9550), this cover attaches to 95° overlay type hinge arms. 

Blum - Arm Cover Cap For Clip Top Half Overlay/Inset Hinge 95°, 110°

For half overlay or inset type hinge arms, use one of these arm cover caps (hinges 71T3650, 71T3750, 71B3650, 71B3750, 71T9650, 71T9750, 71B9650 and 71B9750). 

Hinge Boss Covers:

Hing boss covers are accessories that attach to a hinge boss plate to hide the screws. Like hinge arm covers, they look good but are also easily removed so you can make adjustments. 

Blum - Hinge Boss Cover Cap For Clip Top Hinge

This hinge boss cover cap for clip top hinges is compatible with hinges 7XT3XXX, 7XB3XXX, 7XB9XXX and 75B1XXX. It's unbranded and attaches to the hinge boss with integrated soft close. 

Blum - Hinge Boss Cover Cap For Clip Top Hinge

Compatible for use with 7XT1XXX, 7XT5XXX, 7XT9XXX, 7XA5XXX and 7XA9XXX, this unbranded hinge boss cover cap is designed for clip top hinges.

Got the basics of furniture hardware?

Browse our wide range of high-quality furniture fittings to find out which accessories will work for your kitchen, bedroom, or elsewhere. We have furniture fittings in stock for immediate collection